Spot bulbs are designed to project light in one direction only. They are often used in surface mounted fittings (spot bars, tracks and plates) recessed downlights and accent lighting.
Spot lights, are currently very popular as they can provide a modern stylish way to light a room. They can use a lot of power though, so the energy saving alternative bulbs are certainly worth considering.
Spot lights come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from tiny MR8 bulbs used for decorative effects to large Par38 lamps sometimes used for outdoor floodlighting.
Low voltage spot bulbs have a 2 pin push in connector. The pins are often quite sharp and do not have 'feet' at the end of each pin.
There are various types of low voltage spot bulbs. They are often called MR16, MR11 or MR8. These names refer to the diameter of the front of the lamp, in 8ths of an inch. MR means 'multifaceted reflector'.
Sometimes the different bulbs are referred to by the distance between the center of the electrical pins. GU5.3, or GU4 are the common sizes, which are 5.3mm and 4mm apart.
GU10 bulbs have a 2 pin connector with 'feet' at the bottom of each pin, the center of the pins are 10mm apart. The feet are used to lock the bulb into place when it is twisted in the lamp holder. Because of this they are sometimes called 'twist and lock' bulbs. GU10 bulbs all run at mains voltage.
There are many options available, with current models being either halogen or LED GU10 bulbs. Before LED GU10s became popular it was common to use fluorescent spot bulbs.
GU10 spot bulbs are most often used in recessed downlights and surface mounted spot fittings.
Screw capped spot bulbs also run at mains voltage. They are available in a range of sizes with variety of different screw caps. They are used in surface mounted fittings, recessed downlights and outdoor lighting.
The name of the bulb is determined by the diameter of the reflector part of the bulb. 'R' bulbs are descibed in mm, e.g an R80 bulb has a diamater of 80mm. The less common Par bulbs are described in 8ths of an inch, e.g. a Par38 bulb is 38 x 8ths of an inch.